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Posts Tagged ‘The Sinews of Peace’

TAL | När Almedalen nu är över för den här gången, och alla partiledare åkt hem, kan det vara läge att lyssna på en riktig talare.

För snart sjuttio år sedan, närmare bestämt den 5 mars 1946, höll Storbritanniens tidigare premiärminister Winston Churchill ett tal i Fulton, Missouri.

Talet anses vara det viktigaste Churchill höll under åren 1945-1951 som oppositionsledare.

I talet varnade han för att en järnridå sänkt sig över Europa: ”From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.”

Enligt Churchill gjorde detta att relationen mellan USA och Storbritannien – ”a special relationship” – blivit än mer betydelsefull p.g.a. av kommunismens och Sovjetunionens anstormning i Europa och världen.

Talet anses allmänt ha fått västvärldens ledare att inse att Sovjetunionen inte längre var den allierade man lärt känna under andra världskriget. I stället gick världen in i en ny tid av kallt krig med supermakten i öst.

Talet kallas allmänt för Churchills ”Iron Curtain Speech” men heter egentligen “The Sinews of Peace”.

It is my duty however, for I am sure you would wish me to state the facts as I see them to you, to place before you certain facts about the present position in Europe.

From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and, in many cases, increasing measure of control from Moscow. Athens alone-Greece with its immortal glories-is free to decide its future at an election under British, American and French observation. The Russian-dominated Polish Government has been encouraged to make enormous and wrongful inroads upon Germany, and mass expulsions of millions of Germans on a scale grievous and undreamed-of are now taking place. The Communist parties, which were very small in all these Eastern States of Europe, have been raised to pre-eminence and power far beyond their numbers and are seeking everywhere to obtain totalitarian control. Police governments are prevailing in nearly every case, and so far, except in Czechoslovakia, there is no true democracy.

[…]

The safety of the world requires a new unity in Europe, from which no nation should be permanently outcast. It is from the quarrels of the strong parent races in Europe that the world wars we have witnessed, or which occurred in former times, have sprung. Twice in our own lifetime we have seen the United States, against their wishes and their traditions, against arguments, the force of which it is impossible not to comprehend, drawn by irresistible forces, into these wars in time to secure the victory of the good cause, but only after frightful slaughter and devastation had occurred. Twice the United States has had to send several millions of its young men across the Atlantic to find the war; but now war can find any nation, wherever it may dwell between dusk and dawn. Surely we should work with conscious purpose for a grand pacification of Europe, within the structure of the United Nations and in accordance with its Charter. That I feel is an open cause of policy of very great importance.

Mer: I BBC:s arkiv kan man avlyssna talet i sin helhet. The Churchill Centre har en hemsida där man kan läsa hela texten.

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