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Posts Tagged ‘Nyheter’

UTSTÄLLNING | I London finns nu möjlighet att se en utställning om engelska karikatyrteckningar från sena 1700-talet till början av 1800-talet.

John Bull Exchanging News with the Continent - George Murgatroyd Woodward

Förutom det humoristiska och konstnärliga underhållningsvärdet ger de också en intressant inblick i hur åsikter, nyheter och propaganda blandades på den tiden.

Utställningen Broadsides! Caricature and the Navy 1775–1815 undersöker kungliga brittiska flottans historia med utgångspunkt från dessa karikatyrteckningar.  

På den tiden utvecklades karikatyrerna till en ny och populär form av satir som blev alltmer sofistikerad. Teckningarna behandlade politiska händelser med en giftig kvickhet och ett journalistiskt intresse för samtidsfrågorna.

Matthew Dennison skriver i Country Life om utställningen nu visas på National Maritime Museum i London:

George Murgatroyd Woodward was known as Mustard George on account of the keenness and sharpness of his wit. Revelling in low company and, latterly, habitually inebriated, he died in November 1809 at the Brown Bear public house in Bow Street. In his hand was a glass of brandy, the cause of death a form of dropsy.

Happily, before that colourful demise, Woodward had produced enormous numbers of equally colorful caricatures, humorous in a decidedly heavyhanded manner, vigorous in their simple thrusts, boldly executed and powerful.

[…]

John Bull Exchanging News with the Continent. Trafalgar was published on December 11, 1805. It depicts that icon of the English character, John Bull, in the guise of a newsboy, standing on a clifftop labeled ‘Truth’, opposite Napoleon, on a clifftop on the other side of the Channel, which is labeled ‘Falsehood’. From the French side issue quantities of newspapers and pamphlets that, despite recent resounding defeat at the Battle of Trafalgar, proclaim unambiguously French victory. John Bull utters the single statement: ‘Total defeat of the Combin’d Fleets of France and Spain.’

Neither side is wholly truthful, as Bull omits to mention the death of Admiral Lord Nelson, something of a setback for the Royal Navy. Woodward outlines clearly the importance of propaganda and careful editing in an image that, for this very reason, continues to resonate. Implicitly, this caricature serves as a guide to the whole exhibition: approach all published sources with caution.

[…]

In a period in which the American War of Independence and the Napoleonic Wars placed British naval prowess at the forefront of national life, caricaturists served as alternative newsmongers. As this colourful display shows, their version of current events was consistently forthright and opinionated.

Övrigt: Utställningen visas fram till den 3 februari 2013. Mer information och fler teckningarhttp://www.rmg.co.uk.

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NYHETER: James Fallows skriver i senaste The Atlantic om Googles försöka att tillsammans med traditionell media arbeta fram nya affärsmodeller som kan rädda den seriösa journalistiken.

”Everyone knows that Google is killing the news business. Few people know how hard Google is trying to bring it back to life, or why the company now considers journalism’s survival crucial to its own prospects.”

Detta är goda nyheter för all som inser att vitala demokratier kräver fri och obunden media som kan och har råd att granska och rapportera vad som pågår i maktens korridorer.

[H]aving helped break the news business, the company wants to fix it—for commercial as well as civic reasons: if news organizations stop producing great journalism, says one Google executive, the search engine will no longer have interesting content to link to. So some of the smartest minds at the company are thinking about this, and working with publishers, and peering ahead to see what the future of journalism looks like. (…)

The challenge Google knows it has not fully coped with is a vast one, which involves the public function of the news in the broadest sense. The company views the survival of “premium content” as important to its own welfare. But [company’s CEO Eric] Schmidt and his colleagues realize that a modernized news business might conceivably produce “enough” good content for Google’s purposes even if no one has fully figured out how to pay for the bureau in Baghdad, or even at the statehouse. This is the next challenge, and a profound one, for a reinvented journalistic culture. The fluid history of the news business, along with today’s technological pattern of Google-style continuous experimentation, suggests that there will be no one big solution but a range of partial remedies. Google’s efforts may have bought time for a panicked, transitional news business to see a future for itself and begin discovering those new remedies and roles.

This April, the company’s CEO, Eric Schmidt, delivered a keynote address to the major news editors’ convention, telling them “we’re all in this together” and that he was “convinced that the survival of high-quality journalism” was “essential to the functioning of modern democracy.” (…)

But after talking during the past year with engineers and strategists at Google and recently interviewing some of their counterparts inside the news industry, I am convinced that there is a larger vision for news coming out of Google; that it is not simply a charity effort to buy off critics; and that it has been pushed hard enough by people at the top of the company, especially Schmidt, to become an internalized part of the culture in what is arguably the world’s most important media organization. Google’s initiatives do not constitute a complete or easy plan for the next phase of serious journalism. But they are more promising than what I’m used to seeing elsewhere, notably in the steady stream of “Crisis of the Press”–style reports. The company’s ultimate ambition is in line with what most of today’s reporters, editors, and publishers are hoping for—which is what, in my view, most citizens should also support. (…)

The problem Google is aware of involves the disruption still ahead. Ten years from now, a robust and better-funded news business will be thriving. What next year means is harder to say. I asked everyone I interviewed to predict which organizations would be providing news a decade from now. Most people replied that many of tomorrow’s influential news brands will be today’s: The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, the public and private TV and radio networks, the Associated Press. Others would be names we don’t yet know. But this is consistent with the way the news has always worked, rather than a threatening change. (…) The news business has continually been reinvented by people in their 20s and early 30s (…) Bloggers and videographers are their counterparts now. If the prospect is continued transition rather than mass extinction of news organizations, that is better than many had assumed. It requires an openness to the constant experimentation that Google preaches and that is journalism’s real heritage.

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