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Posts Tagged ‘Harold Macmillan’

Harold Macmillan efterträder Sir Anthony Eden som premiärminister. 1959 skulle Macmillan och The Conservative Party vinna sin tredje raka valseger.

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Harold Macmillan avgick som premiärminister i oktober 1963 p.g.a. sjukdom. Som hans efterträdare valde Conservative Party Sir Alec Douglas-Home. Han förlorade dock valet 1964 och avgick som partiledare samma år.

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SKANDAL | När The Spectator 2009 skulle ranka landets politiska skandaler utsåg man Profumoaffären på 1960-talet till den största.

Christine Keeler 1963, Lewis Morley

Skandalen som tvingade John Profumo, premiärminister Harold Macmillans krigsminister, att avgå innehöll allt ifrån sex, politik och ryska spioner.

Clive Irving, som då ledde ett team av undersökande journalister på The Sunday Times, har nyligen i Newsweek berättat om händelserna och hur Macmillan försökte hantera media.

I call Macmillan’s press officer, Harold Evans (in this era the prime minister has no spinmeisters; Evans—not the illustrious namesake who later became editor of The Sunday Times—is a career civil servant, avowedly apolitical). I ask if I can submit a list of questions. Evans invites me to call and present them in person.

I take Wallington with me—his legwork is the reason our timeline has the goods. It’s obvious that Evans is well briefed on where we’ve been, who has talked, and how deep our knowledge is. He goes through the timeline and ticks every box, adding some details about who has been present during interrogations, but denying nothing. The final question then asserts itself: why did Macmillan leave the interrogation of Profumo to others?

Evans asks that we go off the record. Nothing he says can be explicitly used. We have to understand what kind of man the prime minister is—his life, his values, his scars. He sees himself as a statesman. Profumo’s behavior was beneath contempt: members of Macmillan’s clubs don’t lie. That was the shock—not the squalor of the scandal, but the total absence of honor.

I realize as I listen that there is probably only one door between us and the subject of our conversation. Macmillan is working in his study.

But Evans isn’t finished. There is more, he says, and this is absolutely unpublishable. Macmillan had been cuckolded. For 30 years his wife, Lady Dorothy, had been having an affair with a famous bad boy of the Tory party, the bisexual Robert Boothby, and there had been a daughter from the union. Evans is surprised we don’t know—it’s a mark of how wet behind the ears we still are. (Unpublishable but not unknown to older colleagues at the paper, as it turns out.) The prime minister just could not confront a sexual scandal and wished that it would go away—which it very nearly had.

At the time, this revelation had the desired effect on our final judgment on Macmillan in the book we published, that he had shown “willful amnesia.” On reflection, as bizarre as the Macmillan ménage was, its use as an alibi now appears to me to be weak. Double lives like Profumo’s (and other members of the Macmillan cabinet) were a commonplace—whether in domestic arrangements or espionage. As long as it seemed that Profumo could get away with his lie, Macmillan was not disposed to deal with it.

Bild: Lewis Morleys klassiska bild av Christine Keeler.

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PMQ – premiärministerns frågestund – fyller 50 i år. Första tillfället var under Harold Macmillan när ledaren för oppositionen hette Hugh Gaitskell.

Michael White, The Guardian, skriver:

Everyone hates prime minister’s question time. At least they often say they do. How much they mean it is another matter. In its current form (more or less) PMQs has now survived 50 years, almost exactly as long as Private Eye, another great national institution routinely accused of not being what it used to be.

Backbench MPs arrive at Westminster determined not to join in the gladiatorial shouting match their constituents say they so dislike. Then they see old hands on the other side cheering their own leader for a good retort and loyalty kicks in. Voters? They deplore schoolboy antics, but complain whenever lapses into sobriety, let alone statesmanship, make PMQs look like an elite fix or, worse, boring.

[…]

”This is still the arena that sets the heart beating a little faster. And, if it is on occasions the place of low skulduggery, it is more often the place for the pursuit of noble causes,” Blair told MPs before they rose – Tory MPs included – and clapped him out of the chamber where he had dominated and infuriated for a decade in power.

Övrigt: Se några höjdpunkter från de senaste årens frågestunder samlade av New Statesman. 

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POLITIKER: I England säger man att politiska skandaler inom Labour alltid handlar om pengar medan det är sex om Tory är involverade.John Profumo

Tidskriften The Spectator har rankat Storbritanniens 50 största politiska skandaler i modern tid.

Inte helt oväntat hamnar John Profumo-Christine Keeler affären (1961-1963) på första plats. Affären innehöll allt som man kan önska sig av en politisk skandal;

There will never be, can never be, another scandal to touch it (…) Our protagonist is the distinguished JohnProfumo, D-Day hero and secretary of state for war. Then there’s a toff, Lord Astor, given to holding saucy parties at Cliveden, his stately home, and a pimp, Stephen Ward, society osteopath and procurer of ‘good-time girls’ for the nobility; there’s a Russian naval officer – perhaps a spy – Yevgeny ‘Eugene’ Ivanov, and a West Indian gangster. Linking all these various men is their lover Christine Keeler, showgirl and femme fatale.

Profumo fick avgå som minister och ledamot av parlamentet efter att ha erkänt att han hade ljugit om sin relation till Christine Keeler. Och Keeler fick vittna när Ward (som senare begick självmord) hamnade inför domstol.

Premiärminister Harold Macmillan återhämtade sig aldrig från skandalen.

He fell ill and resigned in October 1963. The Conservative party lost both its air of authority and the next general election.

Men den viktigaste, bestående effekten var att press och allmänhet inte längre skulle komma att se på maktens män och kvinnor med vördnad och aktning.

Macmillan’s wife’s passionate affair with the bisexual MP Bob Boothby never even made the papers, though it was common knowledge in establishment circles (…) After his trial in 1963, the press would never be so discreet again, nor the public so naive.

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