Posts Tagged ‘Diktaturer’

REPORTRAR utan gränser är avsändare i en kampanj som bl.a. får dikatorn i Iran – Mahmoud Ahmadinejad – att börja tala.

Först skannar man in QR-koden. Om man sedan placerar mobilen över munnen på en av diktatorerna – eller ”rovdjuren” – i pappersannonsen får man höra en journalist berätta om förföljelserna och censuren i respektive land.

Läsaren – eller snarare lyssnaren – hänvisas sedan vidare till organisationens hemsida för mer information. Så här skriver man t.ex. om Mahmoud Ahmadinejad:

Some mouth will never speak the truth

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

Since President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s disputed reelection on 12 June 2009, the opposition has been constantly and mercilessly repressed. More than 200 journalists and bloggers have been arrested, 40 are still in prison and 100 or so have been forced to flee abroad, the biggest exodus since the 1979 revolution. A score of media outlets have been shut down by the culture ministry’s censorship arm, the Press Authorisation and Surveillance Commission.

The state monopoly of broadcast media continues, access to thousands of web pages is blocked and private ownership of satellite dishes forbidden. The government does all it can to stop foreign radio and TV broadcasts in Persian being picked up in Iran. Foreign media are closely watched and their local correspondents can have their accreditation withdrawn at any time.

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is still one of the world’s biggest predators of press freedom in 2011

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ATT DIKTATURER använder sig av lögner och propaganda är inget nyhet. Att västerländska medier spelar med är mindre känt.

Media lider ofta av ett sjukligt behov av leverera ”balanserad nyhetsrapportering”. Man ger därför utrymme även år dessa regimers talesmän.

Det behövs knappast någon större kompetens hos journalister och reportrar för att kunna genomskåda spelet. Men trots detta rapporterar media sällan om hur detta propagandakrig fungerar.

Terroristorganisationer som Hamas och Hizbollah använder sig t.ex. av exakt samma överdrifter, lögner och absurditeter som Muammar Khaddafi och hans talesmän använder sig av i Libyen.

Enda skillnaden tycks vara att västmedia har bestämt sig för att Hamas och Hizbollah är ”politiskt korrekta” medan Khaddafi inte är det längre.   

Andrew Gilligan, Londonredaktör för Telegraph Media Group, skriver i The Spectator om hur det kan låta när Khaddafi och hans propagandamaskineri maler på. Men det skulle lika väl kunna handla om någon annan regim eller organisation i Mellanöstern eller norra Afrika.

‘We have some civilian martyrs for you,’ said the Libyan government minder, with the triumphant look of a Soviet housewife who has just found a bottle of Scotch in the state-controlled supermarket.


It was the kind of thing that stays in the memory — but mainly because that body, and another one next to it, were the first two that any western reporter in Tripoli had seen in weeks. […] Three more corpses were brought out last Tuesday. And that, so far, has been it.

For the Tripoli press corps, a typical Crusader airstrike has three phases. First, nearly always in the middle of the night, comes the bang itself, or multiples thereof — often conveniently close to our hotel, allowing us to report that Nato has launched its ‘heaviest attacks yet’ on the Libyan capital.

Then there is the government-organised bus ride to what is generally an empty building with smoke billowing from it (more sensitive targets tend to be omitted from the tour itinerary). Finally, the evening may conclude with a visit to a hospital, at which we will be told that there have been dozens, even hundreds, of civilian casualties, but will actually be shown perhaps six young men with superficial wounds. The others, it will be explained, are being treated elsewhere, or have already recovered — praise be to Allah!

This week, the regime claimed that Nato has killed 718 civilians since the bombing began. But in the whole ten weeks of the air campaign, the authorities have not produced a single one of the dead babies, bombed schools, or large-scale ‘martyrdoms’ that feature so prominently in the state-controlled media. They are starting to get desperate.

Othman Baraka, an official of the anti-corruption ministry, gave a press conference to denounce a Nato strike on his headquarters. Twenty-five of his civilian staff had been injured, he stormed. No, on second thoughts, make that 54. The hacks politely pointed out that the attack had taken place in the middle of the night. ‘The anti-corruption ministry works around the clock,’ said Mr Baraka.

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PR: Världens diktaturer spenderar alltmer pengar på politisk påverkan i Washington.

Och ju mer pengar diktaturer spenderar på att öka sitt inflytande bland lagstiftare och politiker desto svårare blir det för människorättsorganisationer att göra sin röst hörd.

Joshua Kurlantzick för Newsweek rapporterar:

The Republic of the Congo spent $1.5 million on lobbying and PR firms and other representation in the first half of 2009 alone […] Angola, one of the most corrupt nations in the world, spent more than $3 million in that period. Teodoro Nguema Obiang, the brutal dictator of African petrostate Equatorial Guinea, who took power more than three decades ago in a coup, has hired the law firm of former Bill Clinton aide Lanny Davis to lobby on his behalf, for the annual sum of $1 million. […] Chris Walker, of the NGO Freedom House, says this is all a reflection of the fact that “authoritarian regimes recognize there is a greater payoff in participating in and influencing the decision-making process, rather than sitting it out.” […]

Lobbying can turn down the pressure on authoritarian regimes. After years of intense lobbying, Equatorial Guinea’s Obiang managed to transform his image in Washington from a venal autocrat into a solid American ally and buddy of U.S. business. [T]he authoritarian regime in Kazakhstan won support for its chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe by hiring lobbyists to help quiet congressional critics of Kazakhstan’s human-rights record. Ethiopia’s lobbying, meanwhile, has helped to defuse charges that the government has turned increasingly authoritarian. In a memo sent to congressional offices, DLA Piper, representing Ethiopia, argued, “The terms ‘political prisoners’ and ‘prisoners of conscience’ are undefined and mischaracterize the situation in Ethiopia,” and should be removed from a bill that condemned the Ethiopian regime for detaining opposition activists. […]

Though there are rare exceptions, like the Tibetan government in exile, most human-rights activists in authoritarian countries cannot make the close connections in Washington, or come up with the funds needed to match the lobbying of leaders like Obiang. The result: while thugs get heard in Washington, the voices of their opponents remain silent.

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wash38_smallINFLYTANDE: Ken Silverstein, Washington redaktör för Harper´s Magazine, har nyligen utkommit med boken Turkmeniscam: How Washington Lobbyists Fought to Flack for a Stalinist Dictatorship.

I boken (en första version publicerades i tidskriften Harper´s) beskriver Silverstein hur han kontaktade en rad lobbyfirmer i Washington DC för att se om man ville jobba för stalinistdiktaturen Turkmenistan.

Silverstein låtsades representera en fiktiv London baserad investeringsgrupp med intressen i landet. Det visade sig inte vara speciellt svårt att få lobbyisterna att nappa på förslaget att förbättra diktaturens image och inflytande i USA.

Bland annat lobbyistfirmorna APCO och Cassidy & Associates visade stort intresse.

[E]ven the best-endowed regimes need help navigating the shoals of Washington and it is their great fortune that, for the right price, countless lobbyists are willing to steer even the foulest of ships.

Enligt Silverstein har amerikanska lobbyister arbetat för diktaturer åtminstone sedan 30-talet när PR experten Ivy Lee – via en firman German Dye Trust – hade kontrakt med nazistregimen i Berlin.

Bara för att nämna några få andra har Jefferson Waterman International jobbat för regimen i Burma och Black, Manafort, Stone & Kelly hade på sin tid kontrakt med motståndsledaren Jonas Savimbi i Angola. Patton Boggs har jobbat för Kamerun och Carmen Group för Kazakstan osv. osv. (Kuriosa: Patton Boggs har även representerat Sverige.)

Även andra har använt sig av Wallraffande för att kunna skriva om lobbyfirmornas arbete för olika diktaturer. The Sunday Time gjorde nyligen detsamma med Stephen Payne, en lobbyist som tidigare jobbade för Bush administrationen.

En reporter på tidningen låtsades representera Kurdistans expresident och Payne föreslog bland annat;

Well, why don´t you make a donation to the Bush Library?

Enligt Silverstein är klimatet i maktens Washington DC helt annorlunda än i övriga delar av landet;

If you went to a cocktail party in many parts of the country and you talked about representing the government of Turkmenistan – ‘Yeah, well, this is what I do for a living. I get up in the morning, go to work and lobby for dictators’ – most people would find that that morally repugnant. But in Washington you talk about it without fear of embarrassment.

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